Masonry saw early persecutions and criticism of ideology and scheduled it. But failed to include in it, especially during the nineteenth century, princes, kings, emperors, teachers, clergy. Let us examine in more detail the attitude of the Church against this movement:
1. The Western Church. Masonry was considered by the Roman Catholic Church as incompatible with the Christian faith. The Pope Clement XII in the year 1738excommunicated the organization. In 1754 the excommunication was renewed . Persecutions followed by part of the state. Masonry in France linked to the denial of God. On behalf of Masonry was attempted elimination of the Church from public life. Pope Leo IC with the House of Humanum Genus (1884), featured as Freemasonryantiekklisia , founded by the envy of the devil, with a focus on hatred against the Church. When the papal bull Masons want to lowering the standard marriage contract, to separate the Church from the State and to repel the Christian teaching of public life. The Codex Juris Canonici, the canon law of the Roman Catholic Church (1917), provides for the Masons to excommunication .
After the Second Vatican Council, in 1974 , the Faith Kogregatio determine how the laws apply to the Masons in case someone has actually antiekklisiastiki energy. But the German Episcopal Conference in 1986 determined that the simultaneous participation of the Catholic Church and Freemasonry excluded . The new Codex Juris Canonici (1983) not named in Freemasonry, but overall participation in companies that act against the Church.
2. THE CHURCH OF GREECE . issue of Freemasonry in the Church of Greece took an official position and even twice. First the Synod of Bishops dealt with this issue at its meeting of 7 'October 1933 and exedoke special "Action" (Church 48/1933, p 37-39). This text talks about " Sacred international organization "and" mystical system opera ypomimniskei Tash old national mystery religion or cult, of which originates and whose synecheian and anaviosin is. " The text refers to testimony Masonic texts and secures its position "of this, their encounters myisesin and Committed."
For the third degree initiation indicated that a "dramatic afigisin the death of the patrons of Freemasonry Hiram and what kind of imitative repetition of death. Masonry proven so happens sacramental religion, most diverse, divided and foreign of the Christian religion. " The Masonry says then the text has religious ceremonies , such as the Masonic baptism, the tectonic marriage, Masonic memorial, the inauguration of Masonic temple etc. Has initiations, rituals typically own hierarchical order , solstice celebrations, religious feasts and can be classified in the field of religious nature worship.
The Holy Synod accusing Freemasonry for syncretism , which confirms their origin from the ancient pagan mysteries, initiations in which edechonto of every worshiper of any god. to ask or Freemasonry to include within the whole of humanity, with the promise that it would provide "ithikopoiisin and completion and knowledge of the truth, imperceptibly lifted itself into what kind yperthriskeias , consider passing Tash religion, nor of such a Christian except as subordinate it. Ypotrefei so not to the mystics that the conviction that only a de masonikois ergastiriois is treatment and Abradable him uncouth and rough stone ".
The claims of Freemasonry on yperthriskeias proved by the fact that it creates a brotherhood , which considers that exalted above every other lying outside, even if it is Christian, as a fraternity consisting of profane. By Masonic initiation is a Christian brother of the Privy Ottoman or Buddhist or any rationalist, while the Christian who has not been initiated in Freemasonry deemed him profane .
The "Praxis" Hierarchy refers to condemnatory stance of the Roman Catholic Church and the Protestant Churches and mentions the reference of "Inter-Orthodox Commission" held at the Mountain and featured Freemasonry as " unchristian system and incorrect . " At the position taken by the then Archbishop Chrysostomos of Greece, which emphasizes the "actual practice" clerics involved of Freemasonry is worthy launching .
The decision of Bishops of the Church of Greece was renewed with a new one, taken on the 28th November 1972 and marked "original text of this." Hence the Hierarchy "adheres strictly to the provisions in the act relating to Freemasonry. Afthis and proclaims that Freemasonry is proven sacramental religion, projection of the old pagan religions, most foreign and contrary to the revealed salvific truth of our Holy Church. Demonstrators categorically that the property of Mason in whatever form isincompatible with the office of a Christian member of the Body of Christ. "
This new decision mentions and praises the No. 260/1.12.1969 JUDGMENT OF Instance of Athens , in which the condemned Freemasonry ' as religion in secret, not known "and the statement of the Holy Synod, published in" Voice of the Lord "(13/05/1970), where denounces Freemasonry as a religion.
Concluding the matter, we observe that the alleged Masonic, at least "rule system" Freemasonry is not a religious movement, and has no international hierarchies. But even if they respond to this reality, the Masonic edifice is incompatible with the Christian faith.
Firstly emphasized that the ritual is a kind of intellectual depth and experience staff "refining" conversion "stone" from the state of "raw" to "finished", the "personal perfection." But this way of Masonry is opposed to the Christian.
The Masonic experience is not leading man beyond the experience of himself or society of "brothers." not exceed the created reality and leaves the man alone . For the Christian there is no perfection out of his participation in the life of God "in Christ Jesus." The holiness belongs to Christ ('s saint ") and, by extension, those whoparticipate the life of Christ. Is holiness "in metochin" and not independent of the Christian faith and the spirit of Christ.
With holy baptism the believer engaged in the Body of Christ and is "in the Christ" with all other members of the same Body, becomes "State by." can not accept the Masonic initiation and how this perception leads him beyond the field of "profane" and makes him a spiritual brother to the faithful of Islam or any religion.
We Christians believe that we are children of God only when we receive the Spirit of adoption, whereby we integrated into the body of Christ through holy baptism (Gal. c 26). Only then will we become "flat epangelian heirs." The Holy Spirit, who is called "Spirit of Christ", "symmartyrei in spirit that esmen us children of God. If no children, then heirs, heirs of God and joint heirs with Christ "(Rom. 17). To evaluate one's Masonic initiation over the Christian baptism, is blasphemy against the Holy Spirit.Masonry does not link the moral values which preaches a certain faith in God. The image of God ("Great Architect of the Universe") is determined entirely subjectivelyby each Freemasonry, according to their own religious beliefs. The understanding of man and his life, as is the concept of God, beyond the limits of a particular faith. In this way the Christian faith relativized and equalized assessed through the faith of Islam, Buddhism, etc. Anyone who lives "right," and deemed "right" to God ...
This position is not identical with the teachings of the Christian Bible and the faith in the Triune God. Here the Christian Bible is no longer the only divine revelation.alternates with the Koran, the Vedas, etc. It is "one" of the many "holy books"! The Christian faith is not the only path to salvation and definite, but one of the many " paths". All religions lead "to the same cause." In this way the images are a reflection of "a god", the "Great Architect of the Worlds", which is " open "to all the Deities. This no longer applies the phrase, which refers to Jesus Christ, "in him resides all is fullness of Godhead bodily." The apostle has emphasized this to protect the faithful from the false wisdom. So I mentioned previously: "Beware lest you drag one to the philosophy and empty deception things in the tradition of men, according to the information of the world , and not according to Christ "(Col. b 8-9).
From what you say it is clear that Freemasonry is incompatible with the Christian faith and the status of the Orthodox Christian . Especially note the risk of erosion of pastoral work and canceled the message of the Gospel and hope in Christ.
Like other occult groups , the Masons leave the man completely alone in his quest to find the true meaning of life and to realize. This is possible only through divine grace through the gift of Christ. The word of the Lord " No one comes to the Father if not through me "(John, 6) is fully implemented here